Racket in the oceans: policy report

The Interdisciplinary Institute on Innovation, the Centre de Recherche en Gestion of the Ecole Polytechnique and the Observatory for Responsible Innovation are please to announce the release of Racket in the Oceans: Why Underwater Noise Matters, How to Measure It and How to Manage It, a policy report edited by Héloïse Berkowitz and Hervé Dumez based on the outcomes of a workshop series on ocean noise pollution and responsible innovation carried out in 2016. From the executive summary:

“This position paper is devoted to the problem of anthropogenic noise in the oceans, and is addressed to public and private decision makers. Underwater noise is recognized as a major problem for life in the oceans, which represent 70% of the surface of the earth. We shall develop four key points:

1- Although there is no synthetic and general knowledge regarding the impact of noise on all marine species, there is by now a reliable and consistent body of evidence that the problem is far more serious than had been suspected, and that it deteriorates from year to year. When discussing the effects of underwater noise, we think immediately of marine mammals, like whales and dolphins, which strongly rely on sound to communicate, forage and orientate. Noise can disrupt behaviors such as feeding or breeding. We now also know that intense anthropogenic sources have the potential to cause cetacean strandings. But some fishes also communicate through sound and, can be therefore deeply disturbed by noise. Besides, studies have shown that animals that do not possess hearing organs, such as invertebrates, can also be permanently affected by exposure to noise, and eventually die as a consequence.

2- An indicator of noise disturbance is required to manage the problem. Though recognizing that there is no perfect measurement system, we must quickly establish a standardized, simple and reliable procedure. But while the European MSFD has provided Member States with guidelines on how to measure and report noise levels under Descriptor 11, there is so far no agreement on the noise disturbance indicators to be adopted. Uncertainties remain as to which species are affected in what circumstances and habitats, as well as concerning the role of specific sound source components in triggering damage to receptors.

3- Solutions to mitigate underwater noise from human activities are becoming available. Although all human activities at sea produce noise, it is generally agreed that shipping, Oil and Gas E&P, and renewable energy operations are primarily concerned.

4- The central question for public and private decision-makers is how to change quickly and adapt the behavior of industrial stakeholders so as to reduce underwater noise. Regulations are needed at the state level, at the level of port authorities, and of authorities managing marine protected areas. Incentives and subsidies are probably necessary to help industries evolve and adopt available techniques. Underwater noise is a complex management problem because of its scale and the multiplicity of concerned actors. We must share knowledge and information, and map areas in terms of noise. We must also create institutions that bring different stakeholders together and are capable of devising both long-term and real-time solutions.

The first part of this position paper develops these four points. The second part outlines the scientific knowledge we have about the effects of underwater noise, the problem of noise measurement, readily available techniques to reduce noise or its effects, and cases of regulation. It aims at sketching the problem as it is understood today, and at supporting the efforts to be done by managing properly the stakes.”

List of contributors, Mathias Andersson, Michel André, Mark Asch, Christian Audoly, Nikhil Banda, Éric Baudin, Héloïse Berkowitz, Susannah Buchan, Manuel Castellote, Rémi Casteras, Dominique Clorennec, Charlotte Curé, Hervé Dumez, Nicolas Entrup, Arthur Finez, Thomas Folegot, Raymond W. Fischer, Silvia Frey, Frida Fyhr, Agnès Gerphagnon, Rachel Glanfield, Hervé Glotin, Rassim Hariz, Dimitri Komatitsch, Alessio Maglio, Caroline Magnier, Franck Malige, Lydia Martin-Roumégas, Patrick Miller, Barbara Nicolas, Anna Nikolopoulos, Aleyda Ortega, Benoit Oudompheng, Federica Pace, Julie Patris, Gianni Pavan, Geoff Prideaux, Margi Prideaux, Orla Robinson, Maylis Salivas, Peter Sigray, Luc Simon, Jesse H. Spence, Henk Van Vessem, Elwin Van’t Wout, Yohan Weiller and Roy Wyatt. The report is available here.

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Racket in the oceans: conference 20 September 2016

The Observatory for Responsible Innovation (Interdisciplinary Institute on Innovation) organized three workshops in February, March and May 2016 on the issues of underwater sound measurements and standardization, impacts on marine fauna and innovative solutions. A final international conference will be held in September 2016 in Paris in order to close this “Racket in the Oceans” policy and debate initiative. The conference will be held at the Maison des Océans, 20 September 2016. A program will be circulated soon. In the meanwhile, do not forget to save the date and register here!

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Affaires publiques et innovation

L’Observatoire pour l’innovation responsable s’associe à la nouvelle option “Affaires publiques et innovation” proposée dans le cadre du cursus “ingénieur civil” de Mines ParisTech. Créé en 2015 par le Centre de sociologie de l’innovation sous la responsabilité de Liliana Doganova et Brice Laurent, ce programme forme les élèves à l’analyse et à la gestion des dimensions politiques de l’innovation scientifique, technique et économique. Il s’agit à la fois de répondre aux enjeux de l’innovation (génératrice de situations d’incertitudes ou de controverses) et à une demande accrue en ingénieurs formés aux affaires publiques. Une présentation vidéo de cette initiative est disponible ici.

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Debating racket in the oceans

“Racket in the Oceans” is the title of workshop series at the Interdisciplinary Institute on Innovation and the Observatory for Responsible Innovation, part of a wider a research and policy project coordinated by Héloïse Berkowitz and Hervé Dumez. As previously announced here and here, the purpose is to facilitate debate, contribute to policy measures and steer industry mobilization on the problem of underwater noise pollution.

A first workshop, to be held on 9 February 2016 in Paris, will be focused on the issue of noise measurement (from sensors to procedures), with the following question in mind: which priorities should be supported and how they should be promoted?

A second workshop, to be held on 10 March 2016,will present a state of the art on the knowledge of impacts on marine life (mammals, fish, invertebrates, etc.). A third workshop will tackle the hot topic of technical, managerial and economic innovative solutions to marine sound problems, and will be organized in early April. These workshops will result in a position paper that will synthesize the three topics and will provide best practices and guidelines on marine sound management. This position paper will be presented during an international conference in September 2016.

Workshop series details available here.

 

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Tackling ocean noise pollution

The Observatory for Responsible Innovation is getting ready for a new focus: the problematic field of ocean noise pollution. The management and engineering of oceans is (or should be) at the center of environmental policy agendas and wider political, industrial and societal concerns. Noise is a particularly hot problem here. The European Commission is putting it on its radar, and so are doing numerous stakeholders throughout the globe. Concerns expressed within the scientific community are communicating with preoccupations voiced in civil society and political arenas. Anthropic sonic perturbations of marine environment are varied (from sonars and explosions to marine traffic and offshore energy technologies) and contribute to a complex array of harmful effects (especially in animal behavior and species survival). The stakes are high on the responsible innovation front!

Debating innovation in this delicate field becomes an urgent task. In order to facilitate debate, contribute to policy measures and steer industry mobilization, the Observatory for Responsible Innovation is forming a working group on Responsible Innovation in Ocean Engineering with this problem as primary focus, in collaboration with other policy initiatives and industrial ventures. Héloïse Berkowitz and Hervé Dumez, from the Centre de Recherche en Gestion of the Ecole Polytechnique take the lead in this exciting and promising initiative. More on this soon!

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CNRS UMR 9217 i3

The Interdisciplinary Institute on Innovation (i3, Institut interdisciplinaire de l’innovation), a research initiative the Observatory for Responsible Innovation is part of, is now officially a research unit affiliated to the CNRS (Centre national de la recherche scientifique). The code name for this “unité mixte de recherche” is CNRS UMR 9217. Its current director is Hervé Dumez, research director at the CRG (Centre de recherche en gestion) of the Ecole Polytechnique.

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RFID and responsible innovation: a report

The policy conference on Radio-frequency identification (RFID) and responsible innovation held in Paris on 14 March 2014 certainly constituted a first step towards the elaboration of a “positive compromise”, as put in the conference report now available in English here, as part of the Observatory for Responsible Innovation’s on-line journal. From the introduction:

“This is not about steering fears and fostering preoccupations. The question at stake is the definition of a novel compromise between the economic potentials and the respect of the essential pillars of social life, civil liberties, health and environmental protection. The key is the reflexive intervention of society in a domain that is far from being purely technical.” (p. 11)

 

 

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La RFID à l’épreuve de l’innovation responsable : les vidéos

Comme promis : les vidéos de l’intégralité de la conférence-débat du 14 mars 2014 sont désormais disponibles ici — aussi directement sur la canal Dailymotion de l’Observatoire pour l’innovation responsable.

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Dans les blogs : un compte-rendu de la conférence RFID

Merci à Pierre Métivier (@PierreMetivier) pour le compte-rendu détaillé de la conférence-débat “La RFID à l’épreuve de l’innovation responsable” publié dans le blog Avec ou Sans Contact. D’autres commentaires et mises à plat suivront prochainement.

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14 mars 2014 : succès de la conférence-débat

L’Observatoire pour l’innovation responsable, Télécom ParisTech et l’Institut interdisciplinaire de l’innovation souhaitent remercier les participants et contributeurs à la conférence débat du 14 mars 2014 sur “La RFID à l’épreuve de l’innovation responsable”. Plus de 100 inscrits, des échanges intenses, des idées pertinentes, aussi un suivi en direct sur #debatRFID. Le comité d’organisation prépare un compte-rendu qui sera publié dans les semaines qui suivent. L’intégralité de la journée sera disponible en vidéo prochainement.

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